Английский язык Единый государственный экзамен - комплекс материалов для подготовки учащихся - 2018


1. Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Astronomy is the study of the universe and everything in it. This includes stars, planets and galaxies as well as other things. The word astronomy comes from two Greek words. The first means star and the second means slaw. A person who studies astronomy is called an astronomer.

Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Ancient people used the positions of the stars to navigate, and to find when was the best time to plant crops. Astronomy is very similar to astrophysics. Since the 20th century there have been two main types of astronomy, observational and theoretical astronomy. Observational astronomy uses telescopes and cameras to look at stars, galaxies and other astronomical objects. Theoretical astronomy uses maths and computer models to predict what should happen. The two often work together, the theoretical predicts what should happen and the observational shows whether the prediction works.

2. Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering taking this dog home and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) dog’s breed

2) dog’s age

3) food it eats

4) dog's skills

5) instructions provided

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3. Task 3. These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend You have to talk continuously, starting with:

“I’ve chosen photo number ... “.

4. Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the lifestyles presented in die pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

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