Английский язык Единый государственный экзамен - комплекс материалов для подготовки учащихся - 2018


Раздел 1. Аудирование

1. Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. A strange dress can be a pass to free college education.

2. Even the rich were not allowed to wear what they wanted.

3. Clothes can bring back sad memories.

4. Clothes perform different roles with time.

5. They make unique clothes for all kinds of performing artists.

6. The choice of cloth was determined by climate.

7. Fashion rules for women are very flexible today.









2. Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

[A] Phillip got lost on his way to college.

[B] Phillip took the right bus to college.

[C] Phillip found out that introduction etiquette is different in England.

[D] The college library was closed between 12 and 3.

[E] Phillip had three classes on his first day.

[F] Phillip has problems with his Math teacher.

[G] Phillip will practice his speaking skills during the course.









Соответствие диалогу

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3. David made his new film with the aim to ...

1) show previously unknown details of World War II.

2) express his respect for people who took part in World War II.

3) tell people about his personal participation in World War II.

Ответ: [ ]

4. David’s personal knowledge of the war is primarily based on ...

1) his father’s stories.

2) his own experiences.

3) reading history books.

Ответ: [ ]

5. What helps David cope with a lot of work?

1) Relaxing parties.

2) Complete concentration.

3) Taking a rest out of town.

Ответ: [ ]

6. When David has a problem to solve, he ...

1) consults a professional psychiatrist.

2) pictures the worst outcome and decides if he can cope.

3) writes about it in his diary.

Ответ: [ ]

7. David says that the best way for him to have a rest now is ...

1) to meet friends.

2) to spend time with his family.

3) to watch films on TV.

Ответ: [ ]

8. How does David’s wife feel about him being away from home a lot?

1) She believes it is normal.

2) She is satisfied with telephone communication.

3) She wants him to pay more attention to the family.

Ответ: [ ]

9. What does David feel about being a father?

1) He believes he is wiser and calmer than younger fathers.

2) He regrets not being patient enough with his daughter.

3) He would have preferred to have become a father at an earlier age.

Ответ: [ ]

По окончании выполнения заданий 1-9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 2. Чтение

10. Установите соответствие между заголовками 1—8 и текстами A—G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. For adventurous skiers

2. Especially good in autumn

3. For the rich and lazy

4. Not just for gamblers

5. Like an island in heaven

6. Film-makers like it

7. Looking down from up there

8. Probably the best one of five

A. If you go to the Insular Mountain Range of Vancouver Island and face the open Pacific Ocean, be ready to experience the magnificent natural and cultural heritage of Canada’s west coast. If you decide to go deeper into the island, you will find a lush coastal rainforest that gives way to bountiful and diverse intertidal and subtidal areas. And to top it all off, there are breathtaking beaches that make this an island paradise.

B. The resort town of Whistler is about a two-hour drive from Vancouver. Whistler offers visitors fine food and spas, but mostly it is popular among tourists for the opportunities it offers for adventure. Whistler and Blackcomb Mountains make Whistler one of the best destinations in the world for first-class skiing. The passage between the two mountains creates a unique terrain one mile above the village, providing a year-round skiable territory.

C. A prized national treasure, Banff National Park is one of five national parks in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. It attracts millions of visitors each year for camping, hiking, biking, skiing, fishing or just relaxing. A full range of accommodation, restaurants and shops can be found in the resort. Two of the most famous and historic Canadian hotels, the Fairmont Banff Springs and the Chateau Lake Louise, are located in these towns as well.

D. Niagara Falls is maybe the most famous in the world, attracting millions of tourists each year. However, it has a certain reputation for being partly a small-scale Las Vegas and a theme park, because in addition to Niagara Falls the tourists can visit a casino resort with fine hotels and restaurants. Although this area is improving very quickly and everyone can easily find what they like, the Niagara region as a whole is worth deeper exploration.

E. Tourists are naturally drawn to tall buildings where they can get a bird’s eye view of a city. The CN tower, located in downtown Toronto, is the tallest free standing structure in the world. Unfortunately, elevated observation usually comes at an equally elevated price, and the CN Tower is no different. However, tourists love it and the glass elevator takes them to the glass-floored outdoor observation deck which is a real thrill for both kids and grownups.

F. The 300 km long Cabot Trail is famous for its panorama views of the Atlantic Ocean. The trail is especially popular in the fall when the views are the most spectacular. Even though the drive into this area usually takes a few hours, once there, tourists can spend a day or two stopping in at one or two of the towns along the trail, relaxing and enjoying the magnificent nature all around.

G. By North American standards, Vancouver is a young city. But what it lacks in history it compensates for with its unique blend of urban and natural features. Thanks to its high- fashion boutiques, it has earned the nickname “North Hollywood.” Vancouver’s breathtaking views are often chosen as the setting for popular television shows and major motion pictures. Often tourists are surprised to recognize landmarks from their favorite films and shows.









11. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A—F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1—7. Одна из частей в списке 1—7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующиечасти предложений, в таблицу:

Junior Achievement

Preparing the workforce of the future, Junior Achievement (JA) of Kentuckiana (USA) is the region’s leading provider of life-changing economics programs for students. JA has made the commitment to serve every student in the region four times in his/her school career. JA evaluated the programs A ________________, and chose those in grades that got the highest impact results: - in the 3rd grade, in upper elementary grades, in middle school, and in high school.

In these troubled economic times, it is clearer than ever В ________________ the basics of financial literacy in order to become prosperous and productive citizens. JA is at the forefront of the region’s recovery from the current economic crisis. The recent recession has demonstrated C______________­_________________ ________________. Though JA reaches more than 44,000 students each year in Kentuckiana, there are still countless students D ________________ that they both need and deserve to succeed in a global economy.

JA is a partnership between the business community, educators and volunteers, E ________________ succeed. JA’s hands-on, experiential programs teach the key concepts of work readiness and financial literacy. Volunteers embody the heart of JA. By donating 45-60 minutes of time for 5-7 weeks, volunteers help JA become a successful bridge between education and business. Comprehensive classroom materials and a thorough training process prepare volunteers to F ________________.

1. who grow up without the education

2. that were available at several school levels

3. who works hard to build up one’s career

4. that all members of society need to understand

5. enter the classroom and teach JA programs

6. that there is a vital need for work readiness education

7. who work together to inspire students to dream and








Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12-18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Magnificent mysteries

“Dynasty and Divinity”, the first big exhibition devoted to African sculpture from the Kingdom of Ife (in present-day Nigeria), begins an 18-month tour of America. The show, which consists of a number of works in stone, terracotta and metal made between the 9th and 15th centuries, is a genuine revelation and a rare treat. Art from dramatically different cultures is often hard to connect with, as is their languages, traditions and ways, but these sculptures are naturalistic and remarkably accessible.

More than 100 works are on display. Some have been abroad before, some have left Africa for the first time. Text and photo murals on the walls instruct visitors about the ancient kingdom, which had been an unbroken monarchy for more than 800 years.

The background information is interesting but limited. The art itself makes a powerful impact. Some of it is unnerving. A few of the terracotta heads are gagged; others are deformed either by birth defects or disease. A dozen or more heads in copper alloy are exciting in a less complicated way; their faces radiate serenity. Ten of them are life-sized. The three that are somewhat smaller are topped by gorgeous crowns decorated with what appears to be rings of beads. These heads are beautiful, technically sophisticated and compelling.

Some of the objects in the exhibition definitely used to play a part in rituals. But were they made for that purpose? There is no answer as Ife has no written early history. Many of the works were chance discoveries. There is no archaeological record to help scholars find answers to the many questions that they raise. Were the copper-alloy heads the work of a single artist or workshop? Are the heads portraits or idealised images? It is almost impossible to be sure of the sex of one or two.

In the 15th century metal casting in Ife stopped abruptly. The reasons are quite clear. This was when the Portuguese arrived on West Africa’s coast to colonise it. The neighbouring Kingdom of Benin supplanted inland Ife as a trading centre and the metal casters, as other craftsmen, may have moved to where they were more likely to find patrons. For this speaks the fact that the best of Benin’s famous, more stylised samples of bronze were made between the 15th and 18th centuries. But the memory of the greatness survived, and Ife remained and still remains the spiritual home of the Yoruba-speaking people.

In 1910 Leo Frobenius, a German explorer, saw Ife’s superbly modelled terracotta sculptures and a single brass head. He was so stunned that thought they were too good to have been made by Africans and concluded that the sculptors must have been survivors of Atlantis, the submerged island of Greek legend. Along with expressions of excitement, there were echoes of this reaction in 1938 when Europeans first saw a cache of newly unearthed brass heads.

Now these reactions , seem shockingly bigoted or, at best, quaintly narrow-minded: the skill and imagination of African artists is generally recognised. Ife sculpture is seen to be sophisticated, not primitive. Appropriately, the show is touring art, rather than ethnographical, institute. Its last stop before returning to Nigeria will be in the handsome new building of New York’s African art museum.

12. Which statement DOES NOT refer to the content of paragraph 1?

1) The sculpture in the exhibition is rich and diverse.

2) The exhibition pieces come from different countries.

3) The exhibition leaves a positive impression.

4) Art presented is easy to understand.

Ответ: [ ]

13. The heads make a powerful impact because they are ...

1) masterfully made.

2) technologically complicated.

3) richly decorated.

4) shocking to look at.

Ответ: [ ]

14. In paragraph 4 the author argues that ...

1) the casts were made from female models.

2) the exhibits were discovered by chance.

3) the exhibition leaves many questions to be answered.

4) the heads were made for religious purposes.

Ответ: [ ]

15. Saying “the neighbouring Benin supplanted inland Ife as a trading centre” the author means that Benin ...

1) undermined the importance of Ife.

2) bought the casts from Ife.

3) conquered the neighbouring Ife.

4) replaced Ife as a cultural centre.

Ответ: [ ]

16. According to Leo Frobenius, the terracotta sculptures ...

1) were brought to Africa from somewhere.

2) were made by Atlantis masters.

3) represented the citizens of Atlantis.

4) were figures from a Greek legend.

Ответ: [ ]

17. The author’s attitude to Leo Frobenius’ opinion appears to be ...

1) neutral.

2) positive.

3) negative.

4) unsure.

Ответ: [ ]

18. In general, it may be said that the article is about ...

1) an exciting art show.

2) a prejudiced opinion.

3) the history of Africa.

4) the art of sculpture.

Ответ: [ ]

По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19—25.

Does the plan work?

19. Brad was a student in my after-school tutoring session. He was working _________________ than diligently.

20. “Brad,” I said, “I talked to your mom, and she wants you to stay for the full hour, so you may as well get something done.” “She wants you to keep me every day for an hour?” he complained. “She wants you to learn it’s _________________ to work during regular class hours than to give up afterschool time.” Brad seemed to agree.

21. “So,” I continued, “why not get your work done now so you can bring your marks up and get your mom off your back?” “No!” he replied in horror. “If I _________________ good marks now, she'll think this plan is working, and she'll keep me in here until June!”




April Fool’s Day

22. This is the day when people play tricks on each other. April Fool’s Day _________________ in France centuries ago. New Year’s Day in France used to be on April 1.

23. Then the Pope changed the date. Some people _________________ and kept using the old date.

24. They _________________ at and got the name “April fools”.

25. Sometimes, newspapers and TV programmes trick people. For example, we all know that spaghetti is made of flour, eggs and water. But one year a TV programme showed spaghetti _________________ on trees!





Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26—31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.

Understanding poetry

26. Poetry is language used to form patterns of sound and thought into work of art. Good poems often seem to suggest more than they say, and complete understanding of the poem often depends upon the sensitivity and _________________ of the reader.

27. Reading poetry in English can be especially _________________ to speakers of other languages because it requires them to think in English.

28. It also requires them to consider the subtle _________________ and connotations of words.

29. To understand the poem is to understand its images. An image is a detailed _________________ that appeals to the senses.

30. It is like a picture drawn with words and like words, it can have _________________ meanings.

31. These images often do more than describe a scene or experience - they try to create an experience for the reader. Poems speak to us in many ways. Poems say to us something that cannot be _________________ expressed in any direct or literal way.







Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32—38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

At the Manor House

The Rolls-Royce drove through the gates of the Manor House and up a long driveway lined with tall oaks. Harry had counted six gardeners even before he 32 ____ eyes on the house.

33 ____ during their time at the boarding school Harry had learned a little about how Giles lived, but nothing had prepared him for this. When he saw the house for the first time, his mouth opened and 34 ____ open. “Early eighteenth century would be my guess,” said Deakins. “Not bad,” said Giles. “1722, built by Vanbrugh”. The car came to a halt in front of a three-storey mansion built from golden Cotswold stone. Giles jumped out before the chauffeur had a chance to open the back door. He ran up the steps and made his 35 ____ through the front door and into a large, highly polished wood-panelled hall. His two friends followed him.

As soon as Harry stepped into the hall, he found himself transfixed by the portrait of an old man. He appeared to be staring directly down at Harry. Giles 36 ____ the man in the portrait - he had inherited the man’s beak-like nose, fierce blue eyes and square jaw. Harry looked 37 ____ at the other paintings that adorned the walls. He was looking at a landscape by an artist called Constable, when a woman swept into the hall wearing what Harry could only have described as a ball gown.

“Happy birthday, my darling,” she 38 ____. “Thank you, Mum,” replied Giles as she bent down to kiss him. She gave Harry such a warm_______________________ smile that he immediately felt at ease.


1) put

2) rest

3) set

4) fixed

Ответ: [ ]


1) However

2) Although

3) Nevertheless

4) Therefore

Ответ: [ ]


1) kept

2) held

3) left

4) stayed

Ответ: [ ]


1) road

2) path

3) way

4) track

Ответ: [ ]


1) reminded

2) resembled

3) remembered

4) recollected

Ответ: [ ]


1) over

2) into

3) around

4) after

Ответ: [ ]


1) spoke

2) said

3) talked

4) told

Ответ: [ ]

По окончании выполнения заданий 19-38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19-31 буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую букву или цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

39. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Jane who writes:

...I’m living alone now as my parents are visiting my elder sister and her new baby. I never thought we spend so much on food! Where do you usually buy food? Whats the most expensive and the cheapest thing to eat in Russia? What do you prefer - to eat in or to eat out, and why?

This month I’m working as a baby-sitter for my neighbours...

Write a letter to Jane.

In your letter

- answer her questions

- ask 3 questions about her experience as a baby-sitter Write 100-140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

40. Comment on the following statement.

Sewing or knitting clothes at home today is a waste of time and money.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 200-250 words.

Use the following plan:

- make an introduction (state the problem)

- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion

- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion

- explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion

- make a conclusion restating your position

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